Protected cultivation of vegetables – A Success story
George-RainShelter         In Kerala the production of vegetables is low during the monsoon period due to heavy rainfall and unfavourable conditions. Kerala depends on neighbouring states for its vegetable requirements during the period. If the local farmers were able to take up vegetable cultivation during the off season, they can to realize better income. Protected cultivation helps the farmers to grow vegetables year-round, but a hi-tech green house with sophisticated environmental control cannot be recommended to farmers with limited resources. The rain culture technology comes to the rescue of such farmers. Rainshelter is a low cost structure with a frame work made of locally available materials and covered with transparent UV stabilized polythene sheet. The approximate cost of a structure with wooden or bamboo frame having a floor area of 100 m2 will be about Rs.15,000/-


     Technology assessment programme on rainshelter cultivation of vegetables was initiated in three farmers’ fields at Koorachundu, Thamarassery and Chakkittapara panchayats of the district. Vegetables such as okra, tomato, brinjal, chilli, amaranthus, cucumber and cool season vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower, carrot and beet root were cultivated in the shelter. The trial was a great success and farmers harvested 25 to 30 percent additional yield compared to open field cultivation. The quality attributes of the produce were better with fewer incidences of diseases. Since the vegetables were organically produced, the farmers could easily sell out their produces at high remunerative prices. Cool season vegetables like cabbage and cauliflower, introduced for the first time in the locality, out performed more than the expectations. Realizing the success of protected cultivation, more farmers decided to adopt the technology.



Bushpepper Production Technology

Bush pepper Indian Institute of Spices Research, Calicut has come out with a new technology which can relish the culinary needs of house wives for pepper –throughout the year. As the term suggests bush pepper is a miniature pepper in the shape of a bush grown  as a potted plant with decorative and economic value. Raised from lateral branches (fruiting branches) of yielding vines using a rooting hormone viz. Keradix is peculiar in that it goes on producing spikes from all its branches yielding berries throughout the year. Thus pepper will be available to the house hold in all the stages like immature berries suitable for flavouring in fish frying, mature ones  for making black pepper on drying and ripe berries for making white pepper for soups.

Bush pepper needs no standards for trailing or climbers for harvesting. Anybody can care the plant and pluck the spikes as one wishes. Keeping 3-4 pots in the  sit out or Veranda of the house especially in urban/flat dwellers help them to taste field fresh spices. This will  also help city dwellers to inculcate  the spirit of raising own food to their children forbidden  from such activities because of their dwelling environment.     The pots can be placed under a shade net and kept on the terraces of houses,  protecting from direct sun. The water that is collected from washing points can be recycled for its daily irrigation. On an average 1 kg fresh pepper can be harvested after it reaches full growth.
     The Krishi Vigyan  Kendra at Peruvannamuzhi under IISR  has taken up demonstration of the technology in semi-urban areas in the district. There is great satisfaction for all the beneficiaries  in that they get yield within 6 months of planting them in pots. KVK is also providing the bush pepper rooted plants just for Rs.25/- with organic manures and care tips. Surely the spice city of Calicut has a good chance to welcome Vascodegamaa………… again in search of pepper.

K.M. Prakash
Subject Matter specialist (Agron.)
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Peruvannamuzhi (P.O.)
Phone: 0496-2662372/9447526964.

Broiler goat rearing a profitable enterprise

     Broiler goat production is highly suitable technology  in areas where green fodder  is not available  (or) due to  lack of grazing  land. It is  one of the techniques to improve the economy of rural farming community. Broiler goat  rearing has been found to be  highly remunerative  compare to rearing other  farm animals and it has been advocated  as a better substitute of livelihood for the rural farmer.

What are broiler goat kids?
            As far as broiler goat raring is concerned, we don’t have any specific breed for this  purpose.   The kids produced from goats (whatever breed available in your area) can be used for broiler goat rearing (both male as well as female kids).

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Backyard Poultry Rearing

Backyard poultry rearing

    Farm woman involved in poultry rearing had 5- 20 Desi birds. The birds were reared in the backyards on household wastes. The birds reared under such conditions had poor growth performance, produced 60- 70 eggs/annum and were frequently suffering from respiratory disease, conjunctivitis and enteritis. Massive death of birds was also very common. The eggs and meats produced from these birds were sufficient only to meet the family needs.

        KVK organized several training programmes on "Backyard poultry rearing" at different locations of the district for farm women. Post exposure study tours were also conducted to gain more practical knowledge particularly on birds suitable for backyard rearing. KVK also helped them to procure improved breeds like RIR, Kalinga brown and Astra white in addition to the regular supplies from KVK Farm.

       KVK maintained regular contacts with them and suitable suggestions and recommendations were given to solve specific problems. The birds were also given timely vaccination, treatment etc. This has proved to be successful venture among rural women and is becoming more popular nowadays.

Establishment of Nursery - a Success Story

Nursery       Sri. Jojo Raduplackal House, aged 30 years is a resident of the Chakkittappara Panchayat, which covers theNorth-East hilly tracts of the Calicut District in Kerala. His parents migrated long ago from the southern parts of Kerala to the Malabar region in hope of better living conditions. they had eleven children and owned 10 acres of land. Mr. Jojo is a school drop out and was working very hard in the field along with his parents to meet both the ends. In 1998, he happened to attend a training programme on nursery techniques  at KVK, Peruvannamuzhi which was the turning point in his life. The training motivated him to start plant nursery at his farm.    

     With the whole hearted support of KVK, he established his nursery christened ' Alby Nursery ' which presently became a popular and trusted name among the farmers of the region and farmers of the nearby State of Karnataka for procuring high quality planting materials.

    The Scientists of KVK assisted him to procure nuclear planting materials of crops like Areca nut, Coconut, Pepper, Nutmeg, Garcinia etc. from reliable sources. With an an initial investment of Rs. 30,000, he could make makegross income of Rs. 70,000 in 1999. During last three years from an average annual investment of Rs 2.00 lakh, he could realize an annual profit of nearly Rs. 1.5 lakh.